The Injury and Violence Prevention Branch (IVPB) provides technical assistance and injury and violence data to those working to prevent injury and violence in North Carolina. The IVPB also works to facilitate a comprehensive, statewide approach to injury and violence prevention through collaboration and implementation of the Strategic Plan for Preventing Injuries and Violence. Reports and publications from the branch and the role of law in injury and violence prevention can be found on this page.
There are several sources of injury and violence data available on the web:
The North Carolina State Center for Health Statistics (N.C. SCHS) is responsible for data collection, health-related research, production of reports, and maintenance of a comprehensive collection of health statistics. They provide high quality health information for making better informed decisions and effective health policies. The goal of the N.C. SCHS is to improve the health of all North Carolinians and their communities.
WISQARS (Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System) is an interactive database system from the Centers for Disease Control that provides customized reports of injury-related data. North Carolina specific data is available from WISQARS.
The Inventory of National Injury Data Systems is a list of 45 different federal data systems operated by 16 difference agencies and three private injury registry systems that provide nationwide injury-related data. Each data system is listed along with the agency or organization and associated web sites.
The Injury and Data Resources website from the Centers for Disease Control and prevention provides an overview of injury morbidity and mortality data and statistics available from the National Center for Health Statistics and other sources and to provide details on injury surveillance methodology and tools to assist in data analysis.
For older publications, please see our contact page to find a member of our branch for further information.
North Carolina Medical Journal: Prevention and Control of Injury and Violence Explore the November/December 2010 issue of the NCMJ featuring articles about motor vehicle crashes, unintentional falls, unintentional poisonings, suicide, sexual violence, and child maltreatment.
Injury and violence prevention laws and regulations make your life healthier and safer everyday. Laws to help prevent injury and violence often benefit other arenas. For example, in 2007, the North Carolina legislature passed House Bill 1785, the “Fire-Safety Standard and Firefighter Protection Act.” From an injury prevention perspective, this law addresses the fact that cigarettes are the leading cause of fire deaths in North Carolina and the nation. This law makes good economic sense as well because property losses due to fires from cigarettes average $1.4 million each year in North Carolina.
This law is a good example of the need for partnerships in order to have success in creating laws that will prevent injuries. The North Carolina Fire-Safe Cigarette Coalition was formed to save lives and prevent injuries and devastation from cigarette-ignited fires. The group included representatives of fire service members, consumer and disability rights advocates, medical and public health practitioners, and others, who are committed to saving lives and preventing injuries by reducing the threat of cigarette-ignited fires. The Coalition was coordinated by the North Carolina Jaycee Burn Center at the University of North Carolina Health Care.
For N.C. statutes, visit the N.C. General Assembly website.
According to the National Conference of State Legislators injuries are the leading cause of death and disability for children and adolescents. Many childhood injuries can be reduced in severity or avoided all together. For example, bicycle helmets reduce severity of head injuries in the case of a collision, fencing around a swimming pool can help prevent drowning, and child-resistant safety caps on medication reduce rates of unintentional poisoning.
Violence prevention is another key issue related to injury prevention for children and adolescents. Some laws that encompass the issues of school violence, hazing, bullying, and internet safety are discussed on the National Conference of State Legislator’s Youth Violence page.
|Milestones in Injury Prevention Law and Regulation1|
|1966||National Highway Safety Bureau (later the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration) established as part of the U.S. Department of Transportation.|
|1970||Occupational Safety and Health Act enacted by Congress.|
|1972||Consumer Product Safety Act, Flammable Fabrics Act, Hazardous Substances Act, and Poison Prevention Packaging Act passed by Congress.|
|1973||Congress enacts Emergency Medical Services System Act.|
|1974||Congress passes Child Abuse and Prevention and Treatment Act.|
|1978||Tennessee becomes the first state to enact a child passenger safety law.|
|1985||All states have child passenger safety laws.|
|1987||California enacts first legislation requiring helmets for child bicycle passengers aged 4 and younger.|
|1988||Congress enacts Child Abuse Prevention, Adoption and Family Services Act.|
|1989||All states have enacted occupant protection laws covering children younger than four years.|
|1990||Howard County, Maryland, adopts law requiring children 16 years and under to wear helmets while riding as either passengers or operators of bicycles.|
|1993||Congress passes the Handgun Violence Prevention Act (The Brady Bill).|
|1997||Using consumer protection authority, Massachusetts becomes the first state to mandate child-resistant safety mechanisms on all handguns manufactured in the state.|
|2004||Twenty-six states have mandated hospital reporting of external cause of injury codes. Congress enacts the Garrett Lee Smith Memorial Act to fund youth suicide prevention.|
|2007||The Pool and Spa Safety Act is designed to prevent the tragic and hidden hazard of drain entrapments and eviscerations in pools and spas. Congress gave all affected pool and spa operators one year to comply with this law, with the deadline being December 19, 2008.|
1 Christoffel, Tom. Injury prevention and public health: practical knowledge, skills and strategies. 2nd ed. 2005.